NECROSIS DE LA RAÍZ DE LA CAÑA DE AZUCAR (Sacccharum officinarum) CAUSADA POR Fusarium spp.

Autores/as

  • Patricia Martínez-Jaimes Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos
  • Edgar Marínez Fernández Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos
  • Dagoberto Guillén-Sánchez Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos
  • Ramón Suárez-Rodríguez Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos
  • José Augusto Ramírez-Trujillo Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos
  • Víctor Hernández-Velázquez Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos

Palabras clave:

Marchitez, caña de azúcar, Gibberella fujikuroi, estado de Morelos

Resumen

El presente trabajo tuvo como objetivo el de identificar morfológica y molecularmente las especies de Fusarium causantes de la necrosis de las raíces de la caña de azúcar que inducen la sintomatología de marchitez. Se realizaron colectas de plantas de caña de azúcar con síntomas de marchitez en siete municipios del estado de Morelos.  En el laboratorio se analizaron los tejidos de los tallos y raíces mediante diferentes técnicas fitopatológicas. Se obtuvieron 65 aislamientos de Fusarium  y en base a su morfología se identificó las especies F. andiyazi, F. nygamai, F. proliferatum, F. sacchari y F. verticillioides. En las pruebas de patogenicidad las plántulas de caña de azúcar inoculadas con F. andiyazi, F. nygamai y F. sacchari mostraron el desarrollo de los síntomas de marchitez. Mediante técnicas moleculares se confirmó la identidad de las especies de Fusarium causantes de la necrosis de las raíces de la caña de azúcar.

Citas

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Publicado

2020-04-29

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Artículos Científicos